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Eng12: Lit Terms

Literary terms

Apostrophe - absent/dead spoken to as if present - inanimate as if animate
assonance - repetition of accented vowel sounds - eg. Cry/ side
Consonance - repetition of a consonant sound - eg. each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds
Diction - word choice intended to convey effect
Figures of speech - describes one thing in terms of other - imaginative comparison - usually simile, metaphor, and personification
Verbal irony - speaker or narrator says one thing while meaning the opposite
Situational irony - situation turns out differently from what one would expect - twist often appropriate - ie. Deep sea diver drowning in bathtub
Dramatic irony - character says/does something different than what he/she thinks it means - audience/ other characters understand full implications of speach - ex. Oediphus curses murderer not realising that he himself is murderer
Metaphor - comparison - not using like/as
Motivation - circumstance or set of circumstance that prompts character to act in certain way - determines outcome of a situation
Narration - telling a story in writing or speaking
Oxymoron - form of paradox - combines opposite pair of opposite terms into a /single/ expression
Paradox - elements of a /statement/ contradict
Prosody - study of sound and rhythm in poetry
Pun - play on words - words identical or similar in sound but have diff meanings
Sarcasm - verbal irony - person appears to be praising but is actually insulting
Synecdoche - part if something> whole ex. all hands on deck - container> the thing being contained ex. the pot is boiling - material from which the object> the object its self ex. the quarterback tossed the pig skin
metonymy - Part symbolizes whole ex. White house
Syntax - arrangement of words - order of grammatical elements in sentence
Theme - central message of a work
Subject - expressed in one or two words
tone - speaker's attitude toward a subject, character or audience
understatement - opposite of hyperbole - deliberately represents something as being much less that it really is
Allegory - form of story in which the characters represent not only themselves, but also an abstract concept such as greed or jealousy or justice or peace.
anecdotal evidence - Support for a thesis - isolated and individual story - Science prefers statistical evidence which is gathered over time and occurs in more than one instance and is, therefore, more credible.
blank verse - unrhyming poetry w/ regular rhythm. - Iambic pentameter: a pattern of stressed and unstressed beats that occur five times per line. - Shakespeare
colloquialism - Phrases or words that are used in informal conversational language and that are particular to a region are called colloquialisms.
denoument - Denouement is the set of events that occur after the climax of a plot.
dicadict A didactic essay, for example, instructs or teaches what is considered to be morally right or proper behaviour.
direct presentation In characterization, direct presentation is the specific labelling of a character traits by the author or narrator.
eponymous mething, whether it be a novel or perfume, that has the same name as person, real or fictitious, that is associated with it.
epigram inition is that it is a short witty poem and the other definition is that it is a short witty saying.
Created by: ktutty



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