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A&P Week 3 Test 1

Masterbooks Intro to A&P Volume 1

TermDefinition
organ a collection of various types of tissues that work together to perform a function
programmed cell death the process by which some cells are designed to self-destruct
anterior describes structures at the front of the body
posterior describes structures at the back of the body
proximal describes something that is closer to the middle of the body
distal describes something that is farther away from the middle of the body
superior describes something that is above something else
inferior describes something that is below something else
medial describes something that is closer to the midline, or center line, of the body
lateral describes something that is farther away from the midline, or center line, of the body
homeostasis the body has many mechanisms to help maintain a balance or "equilibrium" among its many systems
irreducible complexity many of the body's systems cannot work unless others are already in place and working properly
skeletal system bones and joints
muscular system muscles
cardiovascular system heart and blood vessels
respiratory system nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and lungs
nervous system brain, spinal cord, and nerves
digestive system mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas
urinary system kidneys, ureters, and bladder
reproductive system: male testes, genital ducts, and prostate
reproductive system: female ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and breasts
integumentary system skin, nails, and hair
endocrine system pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas, adrenal glands, testes (male), and ovaries (female)
lymphatic system lymph nodes, lymph vessels, thymus, tonsils, and spleen