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8th Bio Prep

Cell Structures & Function

QuestionAnswer
Nucleus Organelle that contains genetic material. This organelle is considered the control center of the cell.
Lysosome Organelle that is involved in cleanup in the cell. This organelle digests and recycles materials in the cell. It is also involved in waste removal.
Golgi Apparatus An organelle that stores, modifies and packages proteins. This organelle gets proteins ready for specific functions and prepares them for transport.
Mitochondria An organelle that is responsible for the conversion of nutrients into energy the cell can use. This organelle converts chemical energy into energy that is useable by the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum An organelle whose functions include: making and transporting of lipids and proteins, removes toxins, and is a roadway for transportation in the cell. Ribosomes are found on some of this organelle.
Chloroplast Organelle converts solar energy into usable energy. Makes glucose (sugar) Releases oxygen. Found in plant cells and some algae.
Cell Wall The rigid outermost cell layer found in plants and certain algae, bacteria, and fungi. This cell part is not found in animal cells. It is involved in support and protection of the cell.
Cell Membrane This cell part contains the organelles and cytoplasm of a cell. Interesting thing about this cell part is that it is not solid so it permits nutrients and water to pass into and waste to past out of the cell.
Ribosomes An organelle that is the site where protein is built in the cell. DNA, genetic code, is used to build proteins at this organelle.
Cytoplasm Cell part that contains the organelles. This cell part allows transportation in the cell. The organelles are suspended in this cell part.
Vacuole Organelle involved in storage: food, water, and toxic waste.
Created by: tneal1