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Ecology

QuestionAnswer
The area on earth where we can find life Biosphere
Individuals that can breed and produce fertile offspring. Species
All the different populations in an ecosystem Community
The study of the interaction between the living and nonliving things. Ecology
The interaction between living (biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) in a given area Ecosystem
Producer ---> primary consumer ---> Secondary consumer Food Chain
Many food chains that are interconnected. Food Web
When consumers eat other organisms, energy is passed from one organism to the next. 90% of the energy is lost to metabolic activities. Energy Pyramid
The use of the sun's energy to put carbon dioxide together to produce glucose and oxygen. Happens in the chloroplasts of plants Photosynthesis.
Able to make its own food through either photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. Autotroph
Consumes food Heterotroph
Many different types of organisms live in an area. More stable Biodiversity
Organisms that break dead things down so the nutrients return to the environment. Includes some bacteria and fungi. Decomposers
Eat only plants Herbivores
Eat only other consumers (meat) Carnivores
Eat only dead organisms Scavengers
Hunt and eat prey predators
Lives on another organism, harmful Parasite
Number of organisms that can be supported by a particular habitat Carrying capacity
Evolution of an ecosystem. When plants and animals change the environment making it suitable for new plants and animals. Ecological succession
A non-native species, has no natural predators, can destroy native species Invasive species
Created by: PattyMcBride