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Friendly Bio. Ch 4

Vocabulary Terminology for Chapter 4 in Friendly Biology

Question or TermAnswer or Definition
Lipids, like carbohydrates, are formed from 3 elements and they are Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
The two main portions of a lipid are glycerol portion & the fatty acid portion
glycerol portion consists of 3 carbon atoms each with an attached Oxygen atom and the necessary hydrogen atoms to make carbon's desired 4 bonds
Fatty Acid chains consists of carbon atoms raging from 4-24 carbons in length
There are three classifications of lipids based on the number of fatty acid chains present and they are monoglyceride, diglyceride, triglyceride
At room temperature, saturated fatty acids (originate from animal source) are solid
At room temperature, unsaturated fatty acids (originate from plant source) are liquid
saturated fatty acids have what kind of bond present in the fatty acid chain only single carbon bonds
Unsaturated fatty acids have what kind of band present in the fatty acid chain double bond
Hydro water
phobic resisting or fearing
philic attracting or loving
hydrophilic water soluble = miscible
hydrophobic = Lipids water insoluble = immiscible
Lipids can be converted into fuel (glucose) for living things through the work of enzymes
1 cup of lipid is equal to how many cups of carbohydrate or glucose 9
enzymes that breaks down lipids lipases
Homo same
genize to make or create; generate
homogenize to make the same throughout
Milk that has had all its fat content removed is known as 0% or skim
Milk straight from the cow is known as Raw whole milk 3-6%
Milk that has all its fat content is known as whole milk or 3-6%
Homogenization Process whereby the fat portion of the milk (cream) is made to remain equally distributed throughout the watery portion of the milk
What is made from the fat or lipid portion of milk Butter
water portion of milk after the fat content has been removed is known Buttermilk
Created by: CDM2KK