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Chapter 1

Anatomy and Physiology I

TermDefinition
Anatomy The science or the biological study of the shape and structure of organisms and their pars, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
Gross Anatomy The biological study of the organs parts and structures that are visible to the naked eye.
Physiology The biological study and science of the functions of living organisms and their parts, molecules, cells, tissues, organs and organ systems.
Cell The smallest structural unit f an organism that is capable of independent functioning, consisting of one or more nuclei, cytoplasm, and various organelles, all surrounded by a semipermeable cell membrane.
Cell physiology The biological study of the functions of living cells, the functions of their organelles and all biochemical aspects of cell metabolism.
Tissue An organized collection of two or more different cell types and associated intercellular matrix action together to perform one or more specific functions in the body.
Name two basic types of tissues Epithelial and connective
Name five specific types of tissues epidermal, bone, muscle, gland, nervous.
Cytology the branch of biology that deals with formation, structure and function of cells, with an emphasis on the internal appearance and structure of cells and their organelles, especially the nucleus;
What branch of study is applied to detect cancer cells? cytology
Histology=microscopic=microanatomy The anatomical study of microscopic structure of animal and plant tissues with emphasis on which cellular and intercellulaar structures distinguish one tissue from another;
organ a differentiated part of an organism, compromised of two or more tissues that performs a specific function.
Regional anatomy the study of the organs parts, structures of a specific region of the body. (e.g cranial anatomy, anatomy of the hand etc.)
Organ system a group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent organs forming a complex functional whole; the set of organs of the body regarded as a functional physiological unit.
Systemic anatomy The study of the structure and location of the body parts, system by system; the study of specific organs, parts, and structures of a specific organ system of the body (nervous system anatomy, reproductive anatomy, skeletal anatomy)
nasal nose
oral mouth
cervical neck
Deltoid shoulder
Axillary armpit
brachial arm
antebrachial forearm
antecubital front of elbow
coxal hip
carpal wrist
digital finger
femorial thigh
patellar knee
crural leg
Pes foot
tarsal ankle
dorsum of the foot
cranial surrounding the brain
Otic ear
sternal sternum
pectoral chest
mammary breast
Thoracic consist of what body parts sternal, pectoral, and mammary
vertebral spinal column
Olecranal elbow
gluteal buttock
dorsum of the hand
calcaneal heel
politeal back of knee
femoral thigh
perneal anus
cephalic head
frontal forehead
orbital eye
buccal cheek
mental chin
abdominal abdomen
pelvic pelvic
inguinal groin
pubic external penis/vagina
antebrachial also the back of forearm
lumbar lower back
brachial arm
Occipital back of head
umbilicus naval
List the Subdivision of anatomy Gross anatomy, systematic anatomy, cytology, histology, embryology, pathological anatomy
List the subdivisions of physiology Cell physiology, neruro physiology, endocrinology, pathophysiology.
List the 6 levels of biological organizations int he correct sequence from smallest to largest chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismal
List 3 body planes frontal/coronal, median/saggital (mid saggital if directly in the middle, and transverse/cross/hrizontal.
There are 8 life process common to essentially all living system organisms. What are they (name at lease 6) maintaining boundaries, movement, metabolism, digestion, exertion, reproduction, growth, responsiveness.
what are the 11 organ systems? Respiratory, reproductive, digestive, urinary, circulatory, lymphatic, endocrine, nervous, integumentary, skeletal, and muscular.
List six levels of structural complexity in a human being in the correct order from smallest to largest. chemical, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
what are the 11 organ systems? Respiratory, reproductive, digestive, urinary, circulatory, lymphatic, endocrine, nervous, integumentary, skeletal, and muscular.
List six levels of structural complexity in a human being in the correct order from smallest to largest. chemical, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Created by: tmaikish