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genetics 2

TermDefinition
Complementary genes that are present on different genetic loci but interact with each other
Punctuation theory of evolutionary biology which proposes that once species appear in the fossil record the population will become stable
Protein synthesis process of creating protein molecules
Transcription- the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule
Translation where the genetic code carried by mRNA is decoded
Codon a sequence of 3 DNA or RNA nucleotides
Anticodon sequence of 3 adjacent nucleotides located on one end of transfer
Splice process in which DNA of an organism is cut
Exons any part of the gene that will encode
Polypeptide chain of amino acids
Restrictive enzyme an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments
Karyotyping a picture of a person’s chromosomes
Transduction process by which foreign DNA is introduced
Cloning process in which a gene of interest is located and copied
Genetic engineering modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material
Gene mutation permanent alteration in the DNA sequence
Chromosomal mutation mutation that involve deletions, insertions, or inversions in the section of DNA
Pedigree chart -a diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance of a particular gene or organism
Amniocentesis procedure used to diagnose fetal defects in the early trimester of pregnancy
Recombinant DNA DNA molecule formed by splicing fragments of DNA from a different source to another part of the same source
Created by: arianajade_26