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genetics vocab 2

TermDefinition
Complementary of DNA artificially synthesized from a messenger RNA template and used in genetic engineering to produce gene clones
Punctuation start and stop
Protein synthesis making proteins based on information in dna
Transcription genetic message from DNA when complementary RNA molecule matches up with the template (DNA)
Translation- process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
Codon The bases on the mRNA specifically a triplet base
Splice join
Exons segments of DNA that code for amino acids
Polypeptide long chain of of amino acids that make proteins
Restriction enzyme enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences Karyotyping- photograph is taken for a cell as mitosis is occuring. The picture of the chromosomes are then enlarged and cut out and arranged in pairs. Transduction-
Karyotyping photograph is taken for a cell as mitosis is occurring. The picture of the chromosomes are then enlarged and cut out and arranged in pairs.
Transduction conversion of one form of energy into another
Cloning organism has the same genes (asexually)
Genetic engineering process of changing an organism's DNA to give the organism new traits
Chromosomal mutation a change in in the chromosome structure , resulting in new gene combinations
Pedigree chart diagram used to show the presence or absence of a particular trait in a generation
Amniocentesis- insertion of a long needle into the amniotic sac. Takes 16 weeks.
recombinant DNA the joining together of DNA from 2 different species
Created by: janelmartinez
 

 



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