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Orthodontics

TermDefinition
arch wire a contoured wire that provides force when teeth are guided in movement for orthodontics
auxiliary attachments located on brackets and bands that hold arch wires in place
band stainless steel ring attached to molars to hold the arch wire and auxiliaries for orthodontics
bracket a small device bonded to teeth to hold the arch wire in place
braces another term for fixed orthodontic appliances
cephalometric radiograph an extraoral radiograph of the bones and tissues of the head
cross-bite condition that occurs when a tooth is not properly aligned with its opposing tooth
crowding condition that occurs when teeth are not properly aligned within the arch
distoclusion class II malocclusion in which the mesiobuccal cusp of the maxillary first molar occludes mesial to the mesiobucal groove of the mandibular first molar
ectopic an abnormal direction of tooth eruption
headgear an external orthodontic appliance that is used to control growth and tooth movement
ligature tie light wire used to hold the arch wire in its bracket
mesioclusion term used for class III malocclusion
open bite a lack of vertical overlap of the maxillary incisors, creating an opening of the anterior teeth
orthodontics specialty of dentistry designed to prevent, intercept, and correct skeletal and dental problems
overbite increased vertical overlap of the maxillary incisors
overjet excessive protrusion of the maxillary incisors
positioner an appliance used to retain teeth in their desired position
retainer an appliance used for maintaining the positions of the teeth and jaws after orthodontic treatment
separator device made from wire or elastic and used to separate molars before fitting and placement of orthodontic bands
Created by: jmcpartland