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Biomolecules

Unit 2 Biochemistry

TermDefinition
Carbohydrate Large biomolecule or polymer, composed of monomers of monosaccharides, used as a quick energy source
Lipid Large biomolecule or polymer, composed of monomers of fatty acids, used as energy storage or insulation
Protein Large macromolecule or polymer, composed of monomers of amino acids, used for structure and enzymes
Nucleic Acid Large macromolecule or polymer, composed of monomers of nucleotides, used for heredity
Polymer A large molecule made up of many monomers
Monomer Building block that is used to make a large molecule (polymer)
Monosaccharide The monomer (building block) of a carbohydrate. "one sugar" or "simple sugar"
Nucleotide The monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid. It is composed of a phosphate, simple sugar, and nitrogen base
Fatty Acid The monomer (building block) of a lipid.
Amino Acid The monomer (building block) of a protein
Glucose A simple carbohydrate (Monosaccharide) that is the sugar found in blood.
Glycogen A complex carbohydrate that is the storage form of sugar in animals
Starch A complex carbohydrate that is the storage form of sugar in plants
Organic molecule containing carbon
Enzyme A protein that is a biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions
DNA A double-stranded nucleic acid, composed of monomers of nucleotides, that is responsible for heredity
RNA A single-stranded nucleic acid, composed of monomers of nucleotides, that is responsible for heredity
Created by: jcenglish