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genetics

TermDefinition
Genetics study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
Heredity the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another.
Alleles alternatives of a gene
Trait features of an organism
Dominant allele is present
Recessive allele is hidden
Genotype genetic make up
Phenotype physical appearance
Homozygous having identical alleles for a single trait
Heterozygous having different alleles
Punnett square a diagram used to predict genotypes
Mutation sudden change in the genetic material
Autosome(s) 22 pairs; body chromosomes
Sex chromosome 1 pair; X and Y
Sex-linked phenotype of an alleles that is dependent on the gender
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) a hereditary material in humans and other organisms
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) one of the major biological macromolecules
Replication process of duplicating an exact copy of a strand of DNA
Nitrogenous bases a molecule that contains nitrogen and has a chemical properties of a base (ATGC)
Nucleotide sugar, phosphate and a nitrogenous base
Created by: arianajade_26