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micro 125 test 5

unit 5 test

QuestionAnswer
This is part of the 1 mouth 2 nasal cavity 3 nose 4 sinuses 5 pharynx 6 epiglottis 7 larynx. upper respiratory tract
This is part of 1 the trachea 2 bronchi 3 bronchioles 4 alveoli (site of oxygen exchange in the lungs.) lower respiratory tract
The first line of defense for 1. nasal hairs trap particles 2. cilia propel particles out of the resp. tract 3. mucus on the surface of the mucous membranes trap organisms 4. coughing, swallowing, sneezing move out organisms the respiratory system
Is the second line of defense for? complement action antimicrobial peptides increased levels of chemocytokines macrophages secretory IgA the respiratory system
The _______ is the most common place for infectious agents to gain access into the body. respiratory tract
the respiratory tract harbors commensal microbes
These are microbes/ normal biota found in the? Step. pyogenes Haemophilus influenzae Strep. pneumoniae Neisseria meningitidis Staph. aureuss Canida albicans upper respiratory
These are defenses of? Nasal hair Ciliary escalator (Cilia on the epithelium of the trachea and bronchi) Mucus Coughing, sneezing, swallowing Clusters of lymphatic tissue IgA upper respiratory
smokers and nonsmokers have diff biota
This is normal biots functions of Reduces the chances of pathogens establishing themselves in the same area Competition for resources and space microbial antagonism of respiratory tract
1.What info for parents of school-age child w/ regard to sore throats? a.no fever no need to seek medical tx b.fluids & keep child well hydrated c. take child to pcp so rapid throat culture can be done d.swallow w/ min pain increase fluid
2.RN consultin w/ a mother of 8yo whohas throat pain & fever. RN edu mother bout con w/ untreated pharyngitis that may result in damage to heart valves & joint pain. What con is being referenced? a.diphtheria b.pertussis c.influenza d.rheumatic fever
transmission of the common cold (Rhinitis) indirect, droplet
prevention for common col hygiene practices
treatment of the common cold none
common cold is also known as rhinitis
these are S&S of? sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose, common cold rhinitis
sinusitis is also called sinus infection
causative agent for sinusitis can be virus, bacterial, mixed, or fungal
virus sinusitis transmission is direct, indirect
bacterial/ mixed sinusitis transmission is endogenous (opportunism)
fungal sinusitis transmission is trauma, or opportunistic over growth
viruses sinusitis prevention is hygiene
sinusitis viruses treatment is none
sinusitis bacterial/ mixed treatment is antibiotics
fungal sinusitis treatment is physical removal, antifungals
streptococcus pneumonia otis media transmission is endogenous
streptococcus pneumonia otis media prevention is pnuemococcal conjugate vaccine
streptococcus pneumonia otis media treatment solves itsself or amoxicillin
Haemophilus influenzae otis media transission is endogenous
Haemophilus influenzae otis media prevention is hib vaccine
Haemophilus influenzae otis media treatment is solves it self or amoxicillin
with otitis media bacteria travels up eustachian tube
S&S of _____? inflammation, effusion, fever otitis media
inflammation, pain, swelling, is S&S for pharyngitis
streptococcus pharyngitis transmission is droplet or direct
streptococcus pharyngitis virulence factors is M protein, autoimmunity, superantignes, peroxidase, exotoxins
how is pharyngitis diagnosed rapid test, culture
streptococcus pharyngitis prevention is hygiene
streptococcus pharyngitis treatment is penicillin
Are complications of ? Glomerulonephritis Scarlet Fever Rheumatic Fever Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis
___ exotoxin gets into the blood and leads to complications like myocarditis and neuritis. diphtheria
corynebacterium diphtheriae is causative for diphtheria
diphtheria transmission is droplet, direct, indirect
prevention for diphtheria is diphtheria toxoid vaccine (DTaP vaccine)
diphtheria treatment is antitoxin and penicillin
Sore throat, swollen glands, nasal discharge are S&S for Sore throat, swollen glands, nasal discharge
diphtheria hallmark sign is a sheet of thick, gray material covering the back of your throat. pseudomembrane
____ contributes to infectivity by binding to host cell receptors of the respiratory mucosa, a process that facilitates viral penetration hemagglutinin
___ breaks down the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract, assists in viral budding and release, keeps viruses from sticking together, and participates in host cell fusion. neuraminidase
___ include headache, chills, dry cough, body aches, fever, stuffy nose, and sore throat. influenza
This constant mutation of the glycoproteins is called antigenic drift
___ is the swapping out of one of those genes or strands with a gene or strand from a different influenza virus antigenic shift
antigenic drift and shift is relevant to the flu because it switches 1 strand genome that immunology does not detect
Headache, chills, dry cough, myalgia, fever, stuffy nose, sore throat, fatigue are S&S for influenza
influenza beings in the upper respiratory tract
__ viruses are named according to the different types of H and N spikes they display on their surfaces. flu a
__ viruses are not divided into subtypes because they are thought to undergo only antigenic drift and not antigenic shift. flu b
__ viruses are thought to cause only minor respiratory disease and are probably not involved in epidemics. flu c
the dry cold air makes respiratory tract mucous membranes more brittle, with microscopic cracks that facilitate invasion by viruses. which is why __? winter is flu season
flu transmisison is droplet, direct, indirect
flu virulence factors has the ability to change genetically and slow down immune system
flu prevention is vaccine
flu treatment is oseltamivir or zanamivir (antivirals)
Created by: xokitty17xo