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Adapt. & Nat. Select

TermDefinition
Evolution A change in species over time.
Natural Selection Organisms who are best adapted to their environment survive. (“Survival of the Fittest”)
Variation Differences within individuals of the same species.
Trait A characteristic or feature of an organism. (fur color, beak size or shape, and claws)
Inherit Physical features that kids get from their parents.
Fitness Traits that allow an organism to do well in its environment and survive long enough to reproduce.
Structural Adaptation One type of adaptation where a physical feature helps an organism survive.
Body parts and structure An example of a structural adaptation where different structures in armor, claws, beaks, feet are all examples.
Camouflage An example of a structural adaptation where you blend into your surroundings.
Chemical Defense An example of a structural adaptation where animals use ink, venom, or sprays to get rid of predators and attackers.
Countershading An example of a structural adaptation where organisms have lighter bellies and darker backs.
Disruptive coloration An example of a structural adaptation that uses stripes to blend in. (tigers and zebra)
Behavioral Adaptation One type of adaptation where an action an organism takes helps it survive.
Hibernation A Behavioral adaptation when an animal is in a state of no activity and slowed metabolism. During winter or a drought.
Instinctive Adaptations An example of a behavioral adaptation that you are born with and happens naturally.
Learned Adaptations An example of a behavioral adaptation that you get from habit or conditioning.
Migration An example of a behavioral adaptation when an animal moves from one area to another.
Mimicry An example of a structural adaptation to look or sound like a harmful organism in order to survive.
Created by: mccarthyk
 

 



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