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DNA

DNA flash cards

TermDefinition
Codon A group of three nitrogen bases that codes for a specific amino acid
DNA Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
DNA Molecule Deoxyribose, phosphate, and nitrogen base (A, C, T, G)
Double Helix Shape of DNA
First Step of Replication DNA molecule is unzipped down the middle
Genetics Branch of biology concerned with hereditary
Helicase The enzyme that breaks the weak hydrogen bonds in DNA during DNA replication
Hereditary The passing of characteristics from parent to offspring
Thymine Adenine’s pairing in DNA
Uracil Adenine’s pairing in RNA
mRNa Carries instruction from nucleus to the cytoplasm
Nitrogen Bases of DNA Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
Nitrogen Bases of RNA Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, Guanine
Protein Synthesis Making or assembling proteins
Replication DNA making a copy of itself
Result of DNA Replicaion Two new NDA molecules
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
RNA Nucleotide Ribose, phosphate, nitrogen base (A, U, C, G)
Second Step of DNA Nucleotides join together to make matching DNA strands
Three Types of RNA Messenger RNA, transfer RNA, ribosmal RNA
Transcription Use DNA to make a complementary strand of mRNA
Translation Converting the information in mRNA into a sequence of amino acids to make the specific protein
tRNA Carries amino acids to the mRNA, where they are joined together to make proteins
Two Stages of Protein Synthesis Transcription and translation
Guanine Cytosine’s pairing
Created by: melanielocklear