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Ecosystems

QuestionAnswer
abiotic all of the nonliving parts of an ecosystem
biotic all of the living parts of an ecosystem
environment area made up of biotic and abiotic factors
examples of abiotic factors wind, temperature, soil
examples of biotic factors plants, animals, bacteria
mutualism relationship in which both organisms depend on each other and both benefit
parasitism an organism that lives in or on another organism (the host) and obtains nourishment from the host but provides nothing back to that host
commensalism relationship between two organisms in which one benefits and the other is not affected
food web shows the feeding relationship among organisms
decomposers organisms which carry out the process of decomposition by breaking down dead or decaying organisms
primary consumers consumer that is a herbivore, it only eats producers for energy.
secondary consumers carnivores that only eat herbivores (plant eaters)
teitary consumers Carnivores that eat other carnivores
sun source of energy in most ecosystems
trophic levels Producers, Herbivores, Primary Consumers, Secondary Consumers
flash flood a flood in which the water rises suddenly
hurricane a storm with strong winds and rain that forms over tropical waters (related term: typhoon, tropical cyclone)
consumer an organism that eats other living things to get energy; an organism that does not produce its own food (related word: consume)
Created by: ledee.workman