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meiosis vocab

TermDefinition
gamete reproductive cells (egg and sperm)
haploid 23 chromosomes which contains only 1 of the paired homologous chromosomes
oogenesis production of egg
ovum/ova the egg from the female
sperm the gamete from the male
zygote fertilized egg
tetrad is a group of 4 chromotids
synapsis each chromosome lines up with its homologous pair and becomes attached to the centromere
fertilization restores the diploid number 2n and union of egg and sperm
disjunction separation of homologous chromosomes
gametogenesis production of gametes
homologous chromosomes chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies of genes
crossing over exchange of chromosomes between homologous chromosomes during meiosis
gonads reproductive organs (testes and ovaries)
spermatogenesis production of sperm
polar bodies haploid cells produced during meiosis in the female
meiosis process of cell division in sexual reproduction
variation difference
nondisjunction when the homologous chromosomes do not separate
gene specific region of dna that codes for a particular protein
Created by: janelmartinez