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Natural Selection

8th Grade Life Science

QuestionAnswer
The process in which inherited characteristics within a population change over generations such that new species sometimes arise. evolution
The death of every member of a species. extinction
An inherited trait that improves an individual's ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment. adaptation
The occurrence of heredity of nonhereditary differences between different individuals of a population. variation
The human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits. artificial selection
The process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do. natural selection
A random change in the structure or amount of the genetic material (DNA) of an organism. mutation
A naturalist scientists who studied plants and animals. He developed the Theory of Natural Selection. Charles Darwin
When an organism reproduces more offspring than can possibly survive. overproduction