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Telugu Consonants

Telugu Hallulu (consonant) Symbols with American English Pronunciation Key

CharacterSound
/k/ - kuh - sharp 'k' sound like 'c' in 'cup'
/kʰ/ - khuh breathy 'kh' sound like 'kh' in 'khaki'
/ɡ/ - guh - sharp 'g' sound like 'g' in 'gusto'
/ɡʱ/ - ghuh - breathy 'gh' sound like putting a 'g' in front of the word 'hop' . the 'g' slides toward a 'k' sound and the 'h' is pronounced
/ŋ/ - ngya - like the 'ng' sound at the end of the word 'ring' followed by 'ya' as in 'ringya'
/tʃ/ - chuh - short hard 'ch' like 'ch' in 'chump'
/tʃʰ/ - chhuh - hard 'ch' with a breathy 'h' sound like saying the word 'chop' without the 'p'
/dʒ/ - juh - like 'j' in 'judge'
/dʒʱ/ - jhuh - a 'j' sound followed by a breathy 'h' sound like putting a 'j' in front of the word 'hop' as in 'jhop'
/ɲ/ - nyuh - like 'ny' in the word 'canyon'
/ʈ/ - tuh - like 't' in 'tug', but with the tongue curled back and touching the roof of mouth.
/ʈʰ/ -thuh - pronounced as 't' followed by 'ha' with the tongue curled back and touching the roof of the mouth
/ɖ/ - duh - like 'd' in 'dug' but with the tongue curled back and touching the roof of the mouth
/ɖʱ/ - dhuh - pronounced as 'd' followed by 'ha' with the tongue curled back and touching the roof of the mouth
/ɳ/ - nuh - like 'n' in 'notch' but pronounced with the tongue curled back and touching the roof of the mouth
/t/ - tuh - like the 't' in tug with the tongue touching the back of the upper front teeth
/tʰ/ - thuh - pronounced as 't' followed by 'ha' with the tongue touching the back of the upper front teeth
/d/ - duh - like 'd' in 'dug' with the tongue touching the back of the upper front teeth
/dʱ/ - dhuh - pronounced as 'd' followed by 'ha' with the tongue touching the back of the upper front teeth
/n/ - nuh - like 'n' in the word 'nothing' with the tongue touching the back of the upper front teeth
/p/ - puh - like 'p' in 'puff'
/pʰ/ - phuh - pronounced like 'p' followed by a breathy 'huh'
/b/ - buh - like 'b' in 'buff'
/bʱ/ - bhuh - pronounced like 'b' followed by a breathy 'huh'
/m/ - muh - like 'm' in 'mother'
/j/ - yuh - like 'y' in 'young'
/r/ - ruh - like 'r' in 'rust'
/l/ - luh - pronounced with the tongue touching the back of the upper front teeth like 'l' in 'love'
/ʋ/ - vuh - like 'v' in 'valour' except the actual pronunciation is somewhere between 'v' and 'w' and can vary based on the word
/ɭ/ - luh - similar to the 'l' in 'cerebral' pronounced with the tongue curled back and touching the roof of the mouth
/ʃ/ - shuh - similar to the second 's' in 'issue'. Makes an airy 'sh' sound, pronounced with the tongue forward in the mouth, not t touching the lower teeth
/ʂ/ - shuh - like 'sh' in 'shut' pronounced with the middle of the tongue pressed to the roof of the mouth
/s/ - suh - like the 's' in 'suffer' pronounced with the tip of the tongue behind the bottom teeth
/h/ - huh - like the 'h' in 'hustle'
/ɽ/ - rruh - like the 'rr' in 'error' but with a short trill or flip of the tongue. This is a historical form that is being phased out and replaced by ర్ర for the strong 'r' sound
క్ష /kʂ/ - ksh - like the 'cti' in 'action' Some lists don't show this as an independent character, but it can be compounded with another consonant sound
Created by: hankcurt