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Ecosystems

QuestionAnswer
carnivore Organism that feeds on other animals.
consumer Organism that must consume other organisms to obtain food for energy.
decomposer Organism that obtains nutrients and energy by breaking down dead organisms and animal wastes.
food chain Diagram that shows feeding interactions in an ecosystem through a single pathway.
food web Diagram that shows feeding interactions between many organisms in an ecosystem through multiple intersecting pathways.
herbivore Animal that eats producers to obtain energy.
producer Organism that produces food for itself and other organisms.
abiotic factor Nonliving aspect of the environment.
biogeochemical cycle Pathway of elements like carbon and nitrogen through the non-living and living parts of the ecosystem.
biotic factor Living aspects of the environment.
ecology Study of how living organisms interact with each other and with their environment.
ecosystem All of the living things and non-living things interacting in the same area.
habitat Ecological or environmental area where a particular species live.
photosynthesis Process by which specific organisms (including all plants) use the sun's energy to make their own food from carbon dioxide and water; process that converts the energy of the sun, or solar energy, into carbohydrates, a type of chemical energy.
population Group of organisms belonging to the same species that live in the same area and interact with one another.
producer Organism that can absorb the energy of the sun and convert it into food through the process of photosynthesis; i.e. plants and algae.
Created by: Osk4r