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Cell Reproduction

Mitosis, Meiosis, and sexual vs. asexual reproduction

QuestionAnswer
Any form of reproduction where a new organism is formed from a single parent Asexual Reproduction
The sex cells, that contain only half the genetic material of the parent cell Gametes
The male sex cell (gamete) Sperm Cell
Any form of reproduction where a new organism forms as a combination of the genetic material of 2 parents Sexual Reproduction
The process where 2 gametes fuse together to create a zygote Fertilization
A form of cell division where a parent cell divides to create 2 identical cells Mitosis
The cell formed when two gametes fuse together during fertilization Zygote
A method of asexual reproduction when a new organism grows from the parent and then detaches itself Budding
A type of sexual reproduction in plants, where pollen is carried from one plant to another Pollination
A type of asexual reproduction where a portion of an organism breaks off and grows into an identical organisms Fragmentation
The female sex cell (gamete) Egg Cell
A method of cell division where parent cell divides to create 4 unique cells, each with half of the genetic material of the parent cell Meiosis
A form of sexual reproduction in microorganisms where organisms share genetic material with each other before dividing Conjugation
A form of asexual reproduction where a single celled organism divides to become two organisms. Binary Fission
How much of each parent's genetic material does the offspring have after sexual reproduction? 50%
After asexual reproduction, how much of the parent's genetic material does the offspring have? 100%
What are the benefits of asexual reproduction? Fast and more efficient. An organism can easily produce a large population in a short time.
What are the benefits of sexual reproduction? It creates genetic diversity, for a more healthy population.
What are the disadvantages of asexual reproduction? There is no diversity; all organisms are genetically identical.
What are the disadvantages of sexual reproduction? It takes longer, and requires more energy. It is not as efficient.
Name different methods of asexual reproduction. Binary fission, Budding, Fragmentation, Spores, Plant Cuttings/Runners
Created by: jfakins