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Biology Chapter 5

Chapter 5 information to study for test Energy Flow

TermDefinition
Be able to recognize how energy flows through the environment (sun to the producers, etc.) Do a flow chart and write this out. Chart
Takes sun + CO2 + H2O = photosynthesis
The sun shines down on _________ and/or _________. Plants/algae
The flow of energy is activities of ________________ and ______________ enable energy to flow from the sun through all living things. Chloroplasts/Mitochondria
_____________ and _____________ are present in leaves, stems, and fruits. Sugar/oxygen
_______________ and ________________ are types of decomposed. Bacteria/fungi
Animals eat plants, organisms die and ______________. Decompose
What does this mean C6H12O6? Glucose
Photosynthesis is solar energy used to _______ water & carbon dioxide into carbohydrates. It creates sugar exclusive to plants & algae. photosynthesis
Energy needed to cause molecules to react with one another. Also known as a metabolic speed bump is called ______ of _____(Ea) Energy of activation
In ________ __________, molecules diffuse across a plasma membrane through a channel protein or with the assistance of carrier proteins. Facilitated diffusion
During diffusion, molecules move down their concentration gradient until ______ is achieved and they are distributed _________. Equilibrium/equally
_____________ takes energy. Organization
Ability of a system to perform work is called _______________. Energy
A _____________ is the amount of heat (energy) that is required to raise the water (temperature) of 1 gram by 1-degree C. or how much energy can I take into body. Calorie
Osmosis that allows our __________ to function properly. Kidney's
__________ is diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane. Remember the salt beaker story in book (water can but salt can’t until equal water). Osmosis
______________ is a form of passive transport, because ___________ is not expended. Diffusion/energy
____________ or Calorie = 1,000 calories. Might see it listed on food packages. Kilocalorie
Entropy, or disorder, of the universe is _______, and only a constant input of energy maintains the organization of living organisms. Increasing
Created by: jwatts1