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Genetics

Heredity, Gregor Mendel, Genes, Alleles

TermDefinition
A dominant allele is ... an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present.
A recessive allele is … the allele that is hidden whenever the dominant allele is present
Allels can be... Dominant or recessive
A trait is… a specific characteristic that an organism can pass to its offspring through genes.
Heredity is… the passing of traits to offsprings.
Genetics is… the study of heredity
Why is DNA often called a blueprint? DNA is referred to as a blueprint because it contains instructions needed for an organism to grow, maintain itself, and reproduce.
What is the difference between an inherited trait and an acquired trait? An inherited trait is biological and an acquired trait is environmental/learned behavior.
Describe how traits are inherited through sexual reproduction. During sexual reproduction, a cell containing genetic material (DNA) from the mother and a cell containing genetic material (DNA) from the father combine into a completely new cell, which becomes the offspring.
What did Gregor Mendel discover? Mendel discovered that inherited traits (characteristics) are determined by genes.
What’s another form of a gene? Alleles are the different forms of a gene.
Who is the famous scientist known as ?the father of modern genetics? Greg Mendel
What is the cell cycle? The normal sequence of growth, repair, and reproduction in a cell.
What are thr parts of the cell cycle? Interphase-preparation Mitosis-division Cytokinesis-splitting
The process of cell division that produce two identical daughter cells is called... Mitosis
Created by: evie.mayer