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Muscles & Bones

The Musculoskeletal System,

How many Bones are in an adult human body? 206
Bones provide shape and _______________ to our bodies Support
What do bones protect? Internal organs
Bones work with ____1_______ to help us _____2_______. 1. Muscles, 2. Move
What do bones produce? Blood Cells
Bones store _______________ and other minerals needed by our bodies Calcium
All bones are covered with a tough, tight-fitting membrane called the ... periosteum.
Name the two types of bone. Compact bone and spongy bone
Which type of bone is dense and very hard giving the bone strength? Compact bone
Which type of bone is found on the end of long bones to help make the bones more lightweight? Spongy bone
What part of bones produce the blood cells? Bone marrow
What type of tough fibrous tissue connects bones to bones? Ligaments
What is the smooth, slippery, thick tissue found between bones to help lubricate and cushion? Cartilage
What do we call the place where two or more bones come together? A joint
List three types of joints found in the human body. Ball & Socket, Pivot, and Hinges
Give an example for each type of joint found in the body. Ball & Socket (Shoulder & Hip), Pivot (neck), Hinge (knee & elbow)
A tough, flexible tissue that attaches muscle to bone. Tendons
List three types of muscle found in the human body. Cardiac, skeletal, smooth
Where do you find smooth muscle? The lining of the digestive system and in blood vessels (veins, arteries, & capillaries)
Where do yo find cardiac muscle? The heart
Where do you find skeletal muscle? Attached to the skeleton
Which two types of muscles work involuntarily? Cardiac and smooth
Which type of muscle works voluntarily? Skeletal
Skeletal muscles work in __________________ to cause movement by pulling on bones. Pairs
Muscles pull the _____________________ attached to the bone to cause movement. Tendons
When a muscle __________1___________, the opposite muscle __________2_________. 1. Contracts, 2. relaxes
__________________ is a muscle that causes a joint to bend Flexor
_______________________ is a muscle that causes a joint to extend Extensor
Created by: doug.benton