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ME #2

QuestionAnswer
1. The rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and the vastus intermedius are muscles that extend the legs and are known as the: a. quadriceps b. peroneus longus c. hamstrings d. adductor longus a. quadriceps
2. The muscle that flexes and supinates the forearm and covers the anterior portion of the upper arm is the: a. teres major b. biceps brachii c. flexor radialis d. deltoid b. biceps brachii
3. The mucle that forms the bulk of the upper calf is the: a. quadriceps b. hamstrings c. gastrocnemius d. biceps femoris c. gastrocnemius
4. The mandible articulates with the: a. maxillae b. temporal bone c. molars d. zygomatic b. temporal bone
5. The thoracic spine contains how many vertebrae? a. 5 b. 7 c. 9 d. 12 b. 7
6. The inner lining of the uterus is the: a. exometrium b. myometrium c. endometrium d. perimetrium c. endometrium
7. The walls of the vagina are lined with: a. mucous membrane b. peritoneum c. fascia d. serous membrane a. mucous membrane
8. All of the following ligaments maintain the position of the uterus except: a. broad ligament b. ovarian ligament c. round ligament d. cardinal ligament b. ovarian ligament
9. The perineum is the: a. region anterior to the clitoris b. area between the vagina and the anus c. covering of the abdominal cavity d. region anterior to the vagina and urethral openings b. area between the vagina and the anus
10. Fertilization of the ovum generally occurs in the: a. fallopian tubes b. uterus c. ovaries d. vagina a. fallopian tubes
11. The hormone responsible for the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics is: a. estrogen b. progesterone c. luteinizing hormone d. inhibin a. estrogen
12. The structure that provides an exchange of nutrients and wastes between the fetus and mother and secretes the hormones necessary to maintain the pregnancy is: a. amniotic fluid b. placenta c. umbilical cord d. endometrium b. placenta
13. In the ovary, a granular yellow body that develops after the extrusion of an ovum is the: a. graafian follicle b. corpus luteum c. stroma d. tunica albuginea b. corpus luteum
14. The finger-like projections on the end of the fallopian tubes are: a. mesovarium b. infundibulum c. fimbriae d. isthmi c. fimbriae
15. The funnel-shaped open distal end of each fallopian tube is called a/an: a. fimbriae b. infundibulum c. ampulla d. isthmus b. infundibulum
16. The portion of the uterus above the level of the uterine tubes is called the: a. body b. isthmus c. fundus d. cervix c. fundus
17. The elevated adipose tissue over the symphysis pubis is called the: a. mons pubis b. labia majora c. perineum d. vestibule a. mons pubis
18. The ovary is attached to the uterus by the: a. mesovarium b. ovarian ligament c. suspensory ligament d. broad ligament b. ovarian ligament
19. The middle layer of the uterus composed of muscle is the: a. exometrium b. myometrium c. endometrium d. perimetrium b. myometrium
20. The outermost covering of the brain and spinal cord is the: a. arachnoid b. dura mater c. pia mater d. pons b. dura mater
21. The brain contains four fluid-filled spaces called the: a. ventricles b. auricles c. fissures d. sulci a. ventricles
22. The area of the brain that controls respiration is the: a. cerebellum b. pons c. medulla oblongata d. cerebrum a. cerebellum
23. All thought takes place in the: a. midbrain b. cerebral cortex c. cerebellum d. pons b. cerebral cortex
24. The basic unit of the nervous system is the: a. neuron b. axon c. dendrite d. ion a. neuron
25. The cranial nerve that contains special fibers for hearing as well as for balance is: a. V b. VII c. XI d. XII b. VII
26. The peripheral nervous system contains: a. brain and spinal cord b. cranial and spinal nerves c. spinal cord and spinal nerves d. cranial nerves and spinal cord b. cranial and spinal nerves
27. Muscle tone, coordination of voluntary muscles, and balance are controlled in the: a. cerebellum b. cerebrum c. pons d. medulla a. cerebellum
28. The largest part of the brain is the: a. cerebellum b. cerebrum c. pons d. hypothalamus b. cerebrum
29. Which cranial nerve emerges from the medulla, passes through the skull, and descends through the neck region into the thorax and abdominal region? a. IX b. X c. XI d. XII a. IX
30. The cranial nerve that carries motor fibers to the tongue and sensory impulses from the tongue to the brain is the: a. glossopharyngeal b. hypoglossal c. facial d. olfactory a. glossopharyngeal
31. Which cranial nerve can be tested for sensations of pain, touch, and temperature to the brain? a. IV b. V c. VII d. VIII a. IV
32. Which cranial nerve carries impulses for sense of smell? a. I b. II c. III d. IV a. I
33. Neurons that conduct impulses to the cardiac muscles are part of the: a. central nervous system b. autonomic nervous system c. afferent system d. somatic system c. afferent system
34. The contractions of involuntary muscles are controlled by the: a. autonomic nervous system b. sympathetic nervous system c. central nervous system d. somatic nervous system a. autonomic nervous system
35. The neuroglia are cells that: a. support and protect b. conduct impulses c. are only found outside the central nervous system d. convey visceral information a. support and protect
36. The cytoplasmic process of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the cell body is a/an: a. ganglion b. dendrite c. nissl body d. axon d. axon
37. The part of the brain that is a continuation of the spinal cord and forms the inferior portion of the brain stem is the: a. pons b. medulla c. midbrain d. hypothalamus b. medulla
38. Which are of the brain produces subconscious skeletal muscle movements required for coordination and balance? a. cerebrum b. cerebellum c. midbrain d. medulla b. cerebellum
39. The fifth cranial nerve is also called the: a. vagus nerve b. vestibulocochlear nerve c. trigeminal nerve d. trochlear nerve c. trigeminal nerve
40. Which of the following neuroglia are star shaped and attach neurons to their blood vessels? a. ependymal b. oligodendroglia c. microglia d. astrocytes d. astrocytes
41. Where is cerebrospinal fluid formed? a. cerebellum b. superior sagittal sinus c. ventricles d. auricles c. ventricles
42. The diencephalon is composed of the: a. pons and midbrain b. medulla and insula c. thalamus and hypothalamus d. midbrain and thalamus c. thalamus and hypothalamus
43. The wisp-like roots of the nerves at the end of the spinal cord are called the: a. conus medullaris b. filum terminale c. cauda equine d. median fissure c. cauda equine
44. Neuron axons that are surrounded by a multi-layer, white, phospholipid, segmented covering are called: a. gray matter b. myelinated neurons c. neurofibils d. nissl bodies b. myelinated neurons
45. Chemicals released by neurons to increase or inhibit impulses are called: a. polarizers b. neurotransmitters c. regenerators d. synapse b. neurotransmitters
46. The bridge connecting the spinal cord with the brain is the: a. brain stem b. pons c. midbrain d. diencephalon a. brain stem
47. The inner lining of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract is composed of: a. muscle b. areolar tissue c. epithelium d. sertoli's cells c. epithelium
48. Ninety-six percent of the body's mass is made up of: a. oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen b. oxygen, potassium, hydrogen, and sulfur c. oxygen, carbon, phosphorus, and magnesium d. oxygen, carbon, magnesium, and sodium a. oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
49. The essential component of hemoglobin is: a. oxygen b. iron c. nitrogen d. hydrogen a. oxygen
50. A pH level refers to: a. phosphorus vs. hydrogen levels b. acidity vs. alkalinity levels c. both a and b d. none of the above c. both a and b
51. The basic living, structural and functional unit of the body is known as the: a. organ b. tissue c. organism d. cell d. cell
52. What is the function of phagocytotic white blood cells? a. capture food particles b. promote ribosome function c. engulf and destroy bacteria d. encourage cell rejuvenation c. engulf and destroy bacteria
53. The result of fertilization of gametes is a/an: a. fetus b. zygote c. ovum d. sperm b. zygote
54. The roof of the mouth id formed by the: a. palatoglossal arch b. circumvallate papillae c. hard and soft palate d. filform papillae c. hard and soft palate
55. The teeth are composed primarily of: a. dentin b. cementum c. enamel d. pulp a. dentin
56. The set of teeth that erupt at about six months of age and are lost are the: a. secondary dentin b. deciduous teeth c. third molars d. bicuspids b. deciduous teeth
57. The main duct of the pancreas is the: a. duct of santorini b. duct of wirsung c. common bile duct d. islets of langerhans b. duct of wirsung
58. Which of the following glands are located in the stomach? a. parietal cells b. crypts of lieberkuhn c. brunner's glands d. paneth cells b. crypts of lieberkuhn
59. The portion of the stomach above the level of the lower esophageal sphincter is the: a. pylorus b. body c. fundus d. antrum c. fundus
60. Which of the following substances are absorbed in the stomach? a. proteins b. alcohol c. fats d. starches c. fats
61. The function of the small intestine is: a. synthesis of bacteria b. digestion and absorption of nutrients c. excretion of bile d. synthesis of vitamins b. digestion and absorption of nutrients
62. The small intestine is drained by: a. aorta b. hepatic artery c. hepatic portal vein d. gastric artery c. hepatic portal vein
63. The pouches of the large intestine are called: a. epiploic appendages b. pilcae circulares c. rugae d. haustra d. haustra
64. The secretion of gastric juice is regulated by the impulses of the: a. X nerve b. XII nerve c. I nerve d. V nerve a. X nerve
65. Testosterone is secreted by the: a. cells of leydig b. sertoli's cells c. somatic cells d. parietal cells a. cells of leydig
66. Inhibin is produced by the: a. cells of leydig b. sertoli's cells c. somatic cells d. parietal cells b. sertoli's cells
67. The most abundant ion in the body is: a. calcium b. sodium c. potassium d. magnesium b. sodium
68. The conducting fibers that run from the AV node down the interventricular septum are referred to as the: a. purkinji fibers b. bundle of his c. SA node d. left bundle branch b. bundle of his
69. The left coronary artery divides into the: a. posterior interventricular and marginal b. middle and great cardiac c. anterior descending and circumflex d. middle and marginal c. anterior descending and circumflex
70. Which of the following structures are found in the ventricles of the heart? a. pectinate muscles b. papillary muscles c. ligamentum anteriorum d. fossa ovalis b. papillary muscles
71. The function of hemoglobin is to: a. carry oxygen b. fight infection c. initiate clotting d. regulate temperature a. carry oxygen
72. Albumin, globulin, and fibrinogen are all: a. plasma proteins b. coagulation factors c. formed elements of blood d. hematopoietic growth factors a. plasma proteins
73. The large vein that drains the head is the: a. saphenous b. jugular c. brachial d. carotid b. jugular
74. Which of the following arteries does not arise directly from the aorta? a. celiac b. mesenteric c. common carotid d. vertebral c. common carotid
75. The vessel that delivers blood from the gastrointestinal tract to the liver is the: a. hepatic artery b. basilic vein c. hepatic portal vein d. cystic vein c. hepatic portal vein
76. Which of the following is not part of the immune system? a. lymph nodes b. tonsils c. spleen d. thyroid d. thyroid
77. The thymus gland functions in immunity by producing: a. t cells b. antigens c. interferon d. lymphocytes a. t cells
78. The structure that is located anterior to the esophagus and extends from the larynx to the fifth thoracic vertebrae is the: a. trachea b. epiglottis c. pharynx d. larynx a. trachea
79. The portion of the small intestine that joins the large intestine is the: a. duodenum b. jejunum c. ileum d. cecum c. ileum
80. Another name for the folds of the stomach is: a. microvilli b. cristae c. rugae d. plicae circulares c. rugae
81. The longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the body is the: a. pelvis b. femur c. tibia d. spine b. femur
82. The anterior chamber of the eye lies: a. between the iris and the lens b. anterior to the lens c. behind the cornea and in front of the iris d. behind the iris and in front of the lens c. behind the cornea and in front of the iris
83. Aqueous humor is found within the: a. anterior cavity b. posterior cavity c. vitreous chamber d. cornea a. anterior cavity
84. The ureters enter the bladder: a. medially at the superior aspect b. medially from the anterior aspect c. medially from the posterior aspect d. medially at the distal aspect c. medially from the posterior aspect
85. Which membrane lines the thoracic cavity? a. pleura b. pericardium c. peritoneum d. periosteum a. pleura
86. The region between the lungs is the: a. diaphragm b. mediastinum c. pleural cavity d. retroperitoneal space b. mediastinum
87. Which duct carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum? a. cystic b. common bile c. wirsung d. common hepatic b. common bile
88. Which of the following is not part of the stomach? a. hilum b. fundus c. antrum d. body a. hilum
89. Which ligament stabilizes the duodenojejunal angle? a. poupart b. round c. retzius d. treitz d. treitz
90. What valve is located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart? a. mitral b. aortic c. pulmonary d. tricuspid a. mitral
91. Which of the following structures would not be found in a blood vessel? a. tunica adventitia b. tunica intima c. tunica vaginalis d. tunica media c. tunica vaginalis
Created by: melissaaleighh