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What is the order of classification Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Who was one of the first people to start classifying living things based on their characteristics Aristotle
What is taxonomy A systematic process of classifying living organisms into different groups based on their physical traits and genetic relationships
What is taxonomic name for modern humans Homo sapiens
How is a taxonomic name written The genus is always capitalized, the species is lowercase, it is all in Latin, and it is written in italics
What is binomial nomenclature Where organisms are commonly referred to according to the most specific taxonomic level
Why is the system of binomial nomenclature and how the taxonomic names are written so important So that scientist around the world can communicate, knowing that they are talking about the same organism
What is a taxonomist A scientist who studies taxonomy and uses the classification system to identify and name organisms
What are the 3 domains in classification Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
What are the characteristics that every organism in the domain bacteria share They are unicellular prokaryotes, they lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles, and are surrounded in a thick cell wall
What are the characteristics that every organism in the domain archaea share They are similar to bacteria, but they have a cell wall but with a different composition compared to the domain bacteria, have unusual lipids in the cell membrane that are found in no other organism on earth, and are thermophiles
What are the characteristics that every organism in the domain eukarya share Most are multi-cellular, they have a nucleus, and membrane-bound organelles
What are the 4 kingdoms of Eukarya Protista, Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia
What are 2 modes scientists used to identify and classify organisms Dichotomous Keys and cladograms
What is a dichotomous key A type of flow chart made up of questions or paired statements about an organism
What is a cladogram A branched diagram resembling a tree that shows the evolutionary relationship among organisms
Created by: Doerre035