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Cell Organelles

6th Grade Life Science

TermDefinition
Eukaryotic cells All plants and animals are classified as having Eukaryotic cells. The cells have membrane-bound organelles which includes a nucleus. Eukaryotic cell are much more advanced.
Cytoskeleton A network of protein filaments that gives the shape and support to cell.
DNA Short for Deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the genetic material that contains the instructions for what the cell is supposed to do.
Mitochondria The organelle used in cellular respiration that breaks down food so the cell can have energy.
Ribosomes The organelle makes proteins by putting together chains of amino acids using instruction encoded in the cell's DNA.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) A system of membranes near the nucleus that assists with the production, processing, and transport of proteins and in the production of lipids.
Golgi Complex The organelle that packages and distributes materials like proteins in the cell.
Cell wall In plant cell this is the organelle that provides support and protection to the cell.
Large Central Vacuole A fluid-filled vesicle found in cells all plants and animals, but plant cells have a very large vacuole filled with water that helps support the shape of the plant.
Chloroplasts In plant cells these organelles is where photosynthesis occurs so the plant can make its' own food.
LLysosomes In animal cells this organelle contains digestive enzymes which help keep the cell clean by removing waste.