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questions and vocab

Binomial Nominclature The system of naming organisms scientifically, developed by Carolus Linnaeus; consists of the genus and species names.
Kingdom The highest level of taxonomic classification beneath that of the three domains.
Phylum The taxonomic level below kingdom and above class.
Class The taxonomic level below phylum and above order.
Order The taxonomic level below class and above family.
Family The taxonomic level below order and above genus.
Genus The taxonomic level below the family and above the species; the first part of the binomial nomenclature
Species A group of organisms that can interbreed to generate fertile offspring.
Cladogram A branching diagram representing a hypothesis about the evolutionary descent of groups of organisms from a common ancestor.
dichotomous Key A tool used to classify an organism through a series of questions with only two possible answers
Ancestry The lineage of successive parents and offspring that leads to an organism or species
cladistics A classification system based on shared characteristics between groups of organisms and their common ancestor
unicellular Composed of a single cell
multicellular Composed of more than one cell.
heterotrophic An organism that must consume other organisms for energy
Autotrophic An organism that obtains its energy from an abiotic source such as sunlight or inorganic chemicals
Chemotrophic An organism that can produce its own nourishment through the process of oxidizing inorganic compounds
Eukaryotic Cell A cell with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
Prokaryotic cell A cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-enclosed organelle.
sexual reproduction The reproductive process involving two parents whose genetic material is combined to produce a new organism different from themselves
Asexual reproduction A method of reproduction that requires only one parent and produces offspring identical to the parent.
phylogeny The evolutionry development of a species.
Who was known as the father of taxonomy? Carolus Linneaus
What are the 2 domains consisting of unicellular prokaryotes? Archaea and Bacteria
What are the cell membranes of archaea comprised of? Lipids
What are the 4 kingdoms of the domain Eukarya? Protista, Plantae, Fungi, Animalia
What are defining characteristic of archaebacteria? Archaebacteria are prokaryotes, unicellular, and live in extreme environments
What are defining characteristics of the kingdom plantae? The kingdom plantae are autotrophs, lack mobility, and contain a cell wall for structure
What are defining characteristics of the kingdom animalia? They are motile, multicellular and heterotrophic
Created by: doerreOHD2005