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2nd 9 weeks FINAL

corrections for final exam

TermDefinition
Protein Synthesis process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in the cell
Transcription a segment of DNA is copied to make mRNA in the cell's nucleus.
Nucleotide the monomer of DNA, composed of a nitrogen base, sugar, and phosphate
Hydrogen bond force that holds nitrogen bases together
Adenine nitrogen base that pairs with Thymine
Thymine nitrogen base that pairs with Adenine
Cytosine nitrogen base that pairs with Guanine
Guanine nitrogen base that pairs with Cytosine
Genetic code common to all organisms, determined by the sequence of bases in the DNA of all living things
Meiosis also known as reduction division; process that makes different gametes
Mitosis body cell division; makes identical cells
Nucleic Acid biomolecule that holds genetic information, monomer is the nucleotide
Zygote a diploid cell formed by fertilization
mRNA segment of copied DNA that carries the information from the nucleus to the ribosome
amino acids building block of all proteins
Translation mRNA attaches to the ribosome, and is decoded by tRNA to make proteins
Mutation permanent change in a gene or chromosome
Inherited mutations occur in the germ line
Chromosome condensed DNA wrapped around protein
Chromosomal Mutation permanent alteration in the number or structure of a chromosome
Gene segment of DNA that codes for a protein
Allele different versions of a gene that produce different traits
Dominant allele stronger trait that is always expressed
Recessive allele weaker trait that is only expressed when second allele is the same
Genotype set of 2 alleles for a particular gene
Phenotype physical trait that you can observe
Homozygous same allele; purebred
Heterozygous different alleles; hybrid
Created by: jalaniz1