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Microbiology-107

QuestionAnswer
Microbiology is... the study of living things, too small to be see without aid.
Bacteria are... Prokaryotes
Fungi & Protozoa are... Eukaryotes
Viruses are... Acellular
How do prokaryotic & eukaryotic cells differ? Eukaryotes are: •Bigger than prokaryotes •Have membrane bound organelles •Have a nucleus
What are the 2 components of a virus? -nucleic acid genome -protein capsid that covers the genome
Who was the first to see/introduce a cell? Robert Hooke
Who was the first to see bacteria? Anton van Leevwenhoek
What is the obsolete theory? (Abiogenesis) “Living things come from other living things”
Which scientists refuted abiogenesis theory. (Using Open, Sealed, & Covered Jar Experiment) Francesco Redi
Also refuted abiogenesis theory. Lazzaro Spallanzani
who is the father of microbiology? Louis Pasteur (Disproved Abiogenesis once and for all)
Most bacteria are (measurement) 1-10 um (micrometers/microns)
Most viruses are (measurement) 10-100 nm (nanometers)
Virchow’s Cell Theory States... -A cell is the basic unit of life -All living things are made of one or more cells -All cells come from pre-existing cells
What are the 3 domains? Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Taxonomy is... classification of different organisms
What subatomic particles make up an atom? Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
What 6 elements compose 98% of the mass of living things? C, H, N, O, P, S
How can you find the # of electrons? # of neutrons - # of protons = # of electrons
Define Isotopes Atoms with the same # of protons, but different # of neutrons
Define Ionic Bond Electrons are donated from one atom to another
Define Covalent Bond Electrons are shared between two atoms
Created by: xchynarose