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Organization of Skeleton - The Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage

The vertebral column encloses and protects the Spinal Cord
The number of separate bones in the vertebral column of an adult is? 26
The (BLANK) of the vertebrae support the weight of the head and the trunk. Bodies
The (BLANK) separate adjacent vertebrae, and they soften the forces created by walking. Intervertebral Disc
The pedicles, laminae, and (BLANK) of a vertebra form the vertebral arch Spinous Process
The intervertebral foramina provide passageways for Spinal Nerves
Tranverse foramina of cervical vertebrae serve as passageways for (BLANK) leading to the brain. Vertebral Arteries
The first vertebra is also called the Atlas
The second vertebra is also called the Axis
When the head is moved from side to side, the first vertebra pivots around the (BLANK) of the second vertebra. Dens
The (BLANK) vertebrae have the largest and strongest bodies. Lumbar
The number of vertebrae that fuse to form the sacrum is 5
The upper, anterior margin of the sacrum that projects forward is called the Sacral Promontory
An opening called the (BLANK) exists at the tip of the sacral canal. Sacral Hiatus
The human skeleton contains a total of (BLANK) pairs of ribs. 12
The last two pairs of ribs that have no cartilaginous attachments to the sternum are sometimes called (BLANK) ribs. Floating
There are (BLANK) pairs of true ribs. 7
Costal cartilages are composed of (BLANK) tissue. Hyaline Cartilage
The manubrium articulates with the (BLANK) on its superior border Clavicles
For the cervical vertebra what is the: Vertebra Number, Size, Body,Spinous Process, Transverse Foramina? 7, Smallest, Smallest, C2-C6 are Forked (bifid), Present
For the thoracic vertebra what is the: Vertebra Number, Size, Body, Spinous Process, Transverse Foramina? 12, Intermediate, Intermediate, Pointed and Angled Downward, Absent
For the lumbar vertebra what is the: Vertebra Number, Size, Body, Spinous Process,Transverse Foramina? 5, Largest, Largest, Short & blunt and nearly Horizontal, Absent
The three general functions of the thoracic cage are: 1 Protects heart, lungs and abdominal organs 2 supports the bones of the shoulder girdle & arms 3 helps with breathing.
Created by: bonitasoul