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Plant process

Sol 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
Stoma Tiny openings called stomata allows plants to exchange gasses necessary for cellular processes such as photosynthesis
Guard cells One of the paired cells in the epidermis of a plant that control the opening and closing of a stoma of a leaf.
chlorophyll The green pigment found in the chloroplasts of higher plants and in cells of photosynthetic microorganisms (e.g. photosynthetic bacteria), which is primarily involved in absorbing light energy for photosynthesis.
chloroplast containing plastid found within the cells of plants and other photosynthetic eukaryotes
light dependent reaction The reaction taking place in the chloroplast in which the absorption of a photon leads to the formation of atp and nadph.
light independent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed, and ultimately produce organic molecules from carbon dioxide.
Energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community. The different levels represent different groups of organisms that might compose a food chain.
Producer An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community. The different levels represent different groups of organisms that might compose a food chain.
Mitochondrion A spherical or rod-shaped organelle with its own genome, and is responsible for the generation of most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate through the process of cellular respiration
Autotrophs An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy. Green plants, algae, and certain bacteria are autotrophs.
Consumers An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food from inorganic sources; a heterotroph
Herbivore A herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants.
omnivores An omnivore is a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants.
Heterotrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter.
Carnivores An animal or plant (particularly insect- and invertebrate-eating plants) that requires a staple diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue through predation or scavenging.
Decomposer are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so, they carry out the natural process of decomposition.
Spongy Layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -- called also spongy parenchyma, spongy tissue.
Palisade layer a layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves.
Raw material are materials or substances used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods.
Oxygen A colorless, tasteless, odorless, gaseous element that abounds in the atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration.
Glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
Products a cellular product is something "manufactured" by an organelle (such as the Golgi apparatus)
Created by: Guielman.V