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Plant Processes

SOL 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy
Stomata any of the minute pores in the epidermis of the leaf or stem of a plant
Guard Cells each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells
Chlorophyll a green pigment, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis
Chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
Light Dependent Reaction biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy to be converted into chemical energy in the form of ATP and NADPH
Light independent reaction chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose
Energy Pyramid a graphical model of energy flow in a community
Producer produces complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules through the process of photosynthesis
Mitochondrion an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur
Autotrophs an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances
Consumers an organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms
Herbivore any organism that eats only plants
Omnivores a kind of animal that eats plants and animals
Carnivores an animal or plant that requires a staple diet consisting mainly of animal tissue through predation or scavenging
Decomposers organisms that break down dead natural process of decomposition
Spongy Layer fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis
Heterotrophs an organism that is unable to synthesize its own carbon-based compounds from inorganic sources
Palisade layer a layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves
Raw Materials materials used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods
Oxygen the life-supporting component of air
Carbon Dioxide naturally present in air and is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis
Glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates
Products a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
Created by: Jordi.diaz