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nutrition words

vocabulary

TermDefinition
calorie; measure of energy released from digesting food; one calorie equals one kilocalorie of heat.
Chemosynthesis; process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an energy spource instead of light.
Energy; makes life functions.
Ingestion; taking in food from the environment, is not directly useful to the cell and it must be change.
Absorption; process by which nutrients move out of one system and into another.
Bulimia; overeating followed by induce vomiting.
Anorexia; nervosa- self starvation due to the fear of weight gain.
Digestion; process by which large,complex molecules are broken down into smaller molecules that can be used by cells.
Peristalsis; muscular contraction
Cellulose polysaccharide consisting of chains of glucose monomers
Capillary; tiny blood vessel that transports blood between larger blood vessels and other tissues in the body.
Villi; small figerlike projection in thew small instestine that absorbs nutrients.
Roughage; indigestable fiber, containing cellulose.
Egestion; release of indegestable food( feca-material) from the large intestine after water and vitamin K have been absorbed.
Chyme; partially digested, semi-liquid mixture that passes from the stomach to the small intestine.
Constipation; Dry and hard feca-material
Body mass index it helps us determine if a person is overweight, healthy or needs to eat more.
Autotroph; organism that obtains its energy from abiotic sources such as sunlight or inorganic chemicals.
Emulsification; breaksdown fat in the small intestine.
Heterotroph; organisms that obtain its energy and nutrients by consuming other organism.
Created by: 1008562