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Cell Structure

TermDefinition
Cell membrane a layer that surrounds the cell, this provides structure and protection, it is semi-permeable
Cell wall found only in the plant cell and provides extra structure and protection for the plant
Centriole are contained in the centrosomes and help the cell to divide during mitosis
Centrosome create microtubules
Vacoules provide storage for the cell for materials such as water, there is only one in the plant cell and it is larger, whereas in the animal cell there are many small ones
Vesicles small storage organelles that move material in and out of the cell
Endoplasmic Reticulum - Smooth makes lipids and modifies proteins that are then transported throughout the cell
Endoplasmic Reticulum - Rough has ribosomes bound to its membrane
Ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis
Cytoplasm the gel that fills the cell and helps to maintain the pressure inside the cell
Golgi Body / Complex/ Apparatus packages proteins and carbohydrates into vesicles for transport out of the cell
Mitochondria nicked named the powerhouse of the cell because they provide energy for the cell, it is also the site of cellular respiration
Nucleus is the control center of the cell, it directs many of the functions of the cell and holds the DNA
Nucleolus is inside of the nucleus and aids in the production of protein
Lysosome is the digestive system of the cell, it helps to break down waste molecules
Chloroplasts converts light energy from the sun into sugar that can be used by the plant cell for energy through the process of photosynthesis
Created by: edags