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biochemistry

biochemistry vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry is the study of the chemical substances and vital processes occurring in living organisms.
Element An element is a pure substance that is made from a single type of atom. Elements are the building blocks for all the rest of the matter in the world.
Compound compound is a substance that results from a combination of two or more different chemical element s, in such a way that the atom s of the different elements are held together by chemical bonds that are difficult to break.
Organic compounds compounds are named so because they are associated with living organisms. Several important types of organic compounds include carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins.
Inorganic compounds Inorganic compounds can be defined as any compound that is not organic compound. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principal types of nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body.
Lipids A lipid is any biological molecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Proteins Proteins are one of four classes of biochemical compounds, which are compounds in living things
Enzymes An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is typically a protein that acts on certain organic substances by promoting chemical changes through catalysis.
Nucleic acids The basic component of biological nucleic acids is the nucleotide, each of which contains a pentose sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nucleobase.
Hydrolysis Hydrolysis is an organic chemical reaction that involves adding water to break apart molecules
Synthesis Synthesis just refers to the ability to make something from different materials. In science, when working with chemicals we call this process chemical synthesis.
pH a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
Created by: guissel