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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms
Element a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds Organic compound, any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen.
Inorganic compounds is any compound that lacks a carbon atom, for lack of a more in-depth definition.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose
Lipids any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents
Proteins any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms
Enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water
Synthesis combination or composition, in particular. the combination of ideas to form a theory or system.
pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration, a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
Created by: Carmen Diaz