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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemestry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Compound compounds that both carbon and hydrogen
Organic Compound are compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen
Inorganic Compound The principal inorganic compounds found in living things are water,salts, and inorganic acids, and bases.
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the cell activities.
Lipids include fats and oils
Proteins are made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
Enzymes are proteins that act as catalysts in living cells
Nucleus acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.
pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration, a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Atom the basic unit of a chemical element.
Created by: 1007637