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Biochemistry

Biochemistry vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry The study of the chemical molecules and chemical reactions that occur inside living organisms
Element A substance made up of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
Compound A molecule that is formed by two or more different types of atoms.
Organic Compounds Are compounds tha contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Inorganic Compounds Compounds that do not contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Carbohydrates Are the main source of energy for cell activities.
Lipids Macromolecules are non-polar and are therefore hydrophobic and are used for storing energy long-term, insulation, and cushioning organs
Proteins Macromolecules made of chains of amino acids that twist and fold into certain shapes that determine what they do; used to provide structure and support as well as to perform various functions
Enzymes Proteins that work as biological catalysts to speed up reactions inside living things
Nucleic Acids Macromolecules that include DNA, RNA, and ATP which are used for coding the cell's genetic information, passing on hereditary information, and providing direct energy for cell processes
Hydrolysis A chemical reaction in which water is used to break down a compound; this is achieved by breaking a covalent bond in the compound by inserting a water molecule across the bond. The opposite of this is a dehydration-condensation reaction.
Synthesis The production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.
pH Is a measure of how acidic or basic a solution
Atom The smallest, or most basic, unit of matter
Created by: RonaldDiaz