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Biochemistry

Biochemistry vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Inorganic compounds An inorganic compound is any compound that lacks a carbon atom, for lack of a more in-depth definition.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.
Lipids any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.
Proteins any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms.
Enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.
pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration, a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Created by: Samuel Rivera