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biochemistry

biochemistry vocabulaty

TermDefinition
biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element is a substance whose atoms all have the same number of protons: another way of saying this is that all of a particular element's atoms have the same atomic number.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds es un compuesto químico que contiene carbono, ​ formando enlaces carbono-carbono y carbono-hidrógeno.
Inorganic compounds compound that is not organic compound. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and typically can be broken down to release energy in the animal
Lipids any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. They include many natural oils, waxes, and steroids.
Proteins any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair,
Enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the combination of ideas to form a theory or system.
pH Coeficiente que indica el grado de acidez o basicidad de una solución acuosa.
Created by: aneuris12