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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry: The branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element: Elements are chemically the simplest substances and hence cannot be broken down using chemical reactions.
Compound: A compound is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together.
Organic compounds: Are compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Inorganic compounds: The principal inorganic compounds found in living things are water, salts, and hydrogen.
Carbohydrates: Any of a group of organic compounds, including sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums, that contain only carbon,hydrogen, and oxygen and that originate chiefly as products of photosynthesis. Carbohydrates serve as a major energy source for living things.
Lipids: Lipids include fatty acids, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglycerides. They are a source of stored energy and are a component of cell membranes.
Proteins: Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific order determined by the base sequence of nucleotides in the DNA coding for the protein.
Enzymes: enzymes help break down larger molecules of starch, fat, and protein during digestion.
Nucleic acids: Nucleic acids in the form of DNA and RNA control cellular function and heredity.
Hydrolysis: Hydrolysis is a reaction involving the breaking of a bond in a molecule using water.
Synthesis: synthesis reaction or direct combination reaction is one of the most common types of chemical reactions.
pH: El pH es una medida de la concentración de iones de hidrógeno, una medida de la acidez o alcalinidad de una solución.
Created by: Nicole Lopez