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BIOCHEMISTRY

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element is a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
Organic compounds is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Inorganic compounds is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.
Lipids is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Proteins Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Synthesis the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.
pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.