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biochemestry vocab

organic compounds compounds having both carbon and hydrogen
inorganic compound compounds having either carbon or hydrogen
carbohydrate organic compounds that are the main source of energy for the body and are made up of simple sugars
protiens organic molecules that are needed for growth and repair. And are made up of chains of amino acids
lipids organic molecules that cannot be dissolved in water. They are made of glycerol and fatty acids
enzyme controls the rate/speed of chemical reactions
amino acids building blocks of protiens
simple sugars the building blocks of carbohydrates
dissaccharide A double sugar molecule made of two monosaccharides
Ribonucleic acid single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose (RNA)
Deoxyribonucleic acid molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms
polysaccharide many suagrs
glycogen molecule in which glucose is stored in the liver
peptide molecule composed of two or more chains of amino acids
catalyst compound that speeds up or slows down chemical reaction
denature changing the shape of an enzyme
Hydrolysis breaking something down with water
Dehydration synthesis putting something together by removing the water
Substrate(s) the reactant of an enzyme reaction
Nucleotide(s) building blocks of nucleic acids
Fatty and glycerol the building blocks of lipids
Dipeptide- two amino acids together
Coenzyme- vitamins that are part of some enzymes that help with the bodies chemical processes
Macromolecules- - a large organic molecule composed of smaller molecules
Created by: janelmartinez