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BIOCHEMISTRY

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochimestry Biochemistry is the branch of science that explores the chemical processes within and related to living organisms.
Element each of more than one hundred substances that cannot be chemically interconverted or broken down into simpler substances and are primary constituents of matter.
Compound A compound is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together.
Organic Compound Organic compound, any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements
Inorganic Compound Inorganic compounds can be defined as any compound that is not organic compound.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues.
Lipids any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents
Proteins any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms
enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nuclear acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the combination of ideas to form a theory or system.
pH s a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Created by: Jose :v
 

 



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