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SLSbio11CellbiologGN

SLS Bio11 Cellbiology GN

TermDefinition
Chromatin Mostly makes up chromosomes and organisms. It is comprised of RNA, DNA, and protein
Chromosome A structure made up of DNA and protein that carries genetic information
Cilia Tiny hairs that sweep up mucus and bacteria. They are usually found in the respiratory track
Citric acid cycle Also known as the crab cycle, it makes use of glucose (sometimes protein and fats) and breaks it down to get ATP. then, ATP is transported to where it needs to go.
cristae they are found in mitochondria and are highly folded surfaces which give the mitochondria more SA
crossing over when homologous chromosomes cross over in meiosis
cytoplasm the jelly like fluid that is found in cells
diploid A cell that has two sets of DNA in it
eukaryotic cell Cells that have a nucleus
fermantation Fermentation is an aerobic process that happens when there is no oxygen. (not a very reliable source for ATP)
aerobic an organism that requires oxygen or air
anabolism The process of creating energy from smaller units. This is used in photosynthesis and protein synthesis (plants use this)
apoptosis The death of a cell the is planned or organized
Calvin cycle A process that happens in chloroplast and is involved in photosynthesis.
the cell theory A theory that states that all organisms are made of one or more cells
cellulare respiration When an organism absorbs oxygen and releases carbon dioxide
chlorophyll Is a pigment that absorbs light and uses it to break down water into oxygen
chloroplast A chloroplast is an organelle that uses photosynthesis to power most plant cells
gamete A haploid that is able to interact with another haploid that is a gamete to reproduce
glycolysis When the body breaks down glucose into pyruvic acid. This creates a lot of ATP but requires oxygen
granum They are found in chloroplasts and are used for the light dependent process of photosynthesis
haploid A cell that has one set of DNA in it
light reaction A reaction that depends on light rays
matrix the material or tissue of the cell
meiosis a cell reproduction that makes four daughter cells that have half of there chromosomes from each parent
mitosis A cell division where a cell produces two daughter cells that are identical
photosynthesis A process that absorbs light from the sun to create glucose while also using carbon dioxide and water
prokaryotic cells A cell that is not composed of any organelles
stroma the fluid area in the chloroplast that is outside of the thylakoid. where the Calvin cycle takes place
thylakoid is bound to the membrane of a chloroplast and is involved in the light dependent reaction
catabolism The process of taking bigger molecules and breaking them down so the energy can be absorbed (animals use this)
cell cycle the cycle that cells use to reproduce. This includes mitosis, meiosis, cytokinesis, and interphase
Created by: Graeme.N