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Bio EOC Category #4

Animal Systems

TermDefinition
Small intestine absorbs most of the nutrients that are consumed
Large intestine absorbs water from waste
Plasma Yellowish fluid that makes up part of the blood and transports nutrients and hormones throughout the body
Esophagus Tube that connects the throat to the stomach
Liver Large dark organ secretes bile (enzyme important in fat digestion) into the intestines, detoxifies chemicals and breaks down drugs
Pancreas Spongy organ behind the stomach that produces enzymes important for digestion of biomolecules and produces insulin (enzyme critical to cellular use of sugar)
Endocrine system System of glands and hormones within an organism which work together for the purpose of chemical regulation
Gland Organ responsible for production of hormones; part of endocrine system
Stimulus Something that leads to a reaction or response
Response The reaction to a stimulus
Negative Feedback Loop Results in the counteraction (opposite action) of the stimulus
Positive Feedback Loop Results in the increase of the stimulus
Urinary System System that helps maintain homeostasis by removing waste
Nervous System System made of brain and neurons for the purpose of electrochemical regulation
Homeostasis Condition of balance and equilibrium
Lymphatic System System that helps maintain homeostasis through removal of waste from tissue and aiding immune system
Kidney Major organ of the urinary system responsible for removing liquid waste from the body
Neuron Cell responsible for sending electrochemical signals
Reproductive System System of sex organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of sexual reproduction
Pregnancy Gestation; period from conception/ fertilization to birth
Gonads Organ that produce sex cells; testis or ovary
Hormone Regulatory chemical that is produced in glands of the endocrine system
Ovum Female sex cell; egg
Sperm Male sex cell
White Blood Cell cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders; made in bone marrow
T-cell type of white blood cell that actively participates in immune response; made in thymus
B-cell type of white blood cell that produces antibodies that recognizes specific antigens
Antigen toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body, especially the production of antibodies
Antibody Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses, especially antigens
Inflammatory Response occurs when tissues are injured by bacteria, trauma, toxins, heat, or any other cause; damaged cells release chemicals; chemicals cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling
Created by: tneal1