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Cell Structure

QuestionsDefinitions
Cell Membrane Maintains an internal environment different from external environment.
Cell theory (3 Things) 1. Cell is the most basic unit of life 2. All living things are composed of cells. 3. All cells form from a previously existing cell.
Prokaryotic Domain(s) Achaea Bacteria
Eukaryotic Domain(s) Eukarya
Where is DNA found in a prokaryotic cell? DNA is found in the cytoplasm.
Where is DNA found in a eukaryotic cell? DNA is found in the nucleus.
Centriole Helps make cilia and flagella
Where is centriole found? Found in lower plants, lacking in higher plants with pollen.
What is the cilia's and flagella's purpose? Helps the cell move liquids/objects .
Lysosomes Intracellular digestive enzymes.
Are Centriole, cilia & flagella, and lysosome's found in animal or plant cells? Animal Cells.
Cell Wall Rigid and supports a plant.
Chloroplast photosynthesis.
Central Vacuole Fills with water and creates pressure against cell wall.
In which cell are cell walls, chloroplast, and the central vacuole found? Plant cells.
What is a Nuclear Envelope? A double membrane.
What is Chromatin made of? It is made of DNA and protein.
What does the mRNA do? (2 Answers) 1. Binds o ribosomes to make protein. 2. Translates code of DNA into amino acid sequence.
mRNA is single stranded. unlike DNA, true or false? True.
What are ribosomes? Ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis.
What are the two types of ribosomes? Free ribosomes and attached to Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum.
How many parts are there of the Endomembrane System? Six.
What are the parts of the Endomembrane system? Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Apparatus Lysosome Cell or Plasma Membrane Nuclear Membrane
Where are ribosomes assembled? Nucleolus
The cytoskeleton cannot change the shape of a cell, true or false? False.
Cilia Move in coordinated motion.
Flagella Moves cel with whip like motion.
Created by: Alexisn385