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Test #2- Micro

Micro-Surgical Technology

QuestionAnswer
What is the period of actual illness? Acute
What is another name for CONTAGIOUS? communicable
What is the name for an infection caused by healthcare? Nosocomial
What is acquired from sexual intercourse? STD
What is expelled from coughing? Sputum
What causes HEP B? Virus
What is a disease causing microorganism? Pathogen
What type of shock is caused due to an allergic reaction? Anaphylactic
What is the power of a pathogen to cause disease? Virulence
What is the term for forming or containing pus? purulent
What is the name of the tetani found in the soil? Clostridium
What is the name of the agent through which microbes transfer? Medium
What term means the absence of pathogens? Asepsis
What is the reaction of the invasion of pathogens? Infection
What are the four stages of an acute infection? Incubation Prodromal Acute Convalescent
In which stage of an acute infection in a short period, usually a day or les, when symptoms are vague or cause only mild discomfort? Prodromal
In which stage of an acute infection is the period between the entrance of an organism to the body and the onset of symptoms? Incubation
In which stage of an acute infection is the period of the actual illness with symptoms, and degree with fever? Acute
In which stage of an acute infection is the period hen the fever begins to decline and the symptoms become acute? Convalescent
What type of infection runs a rapid and severe course terminating abruptly, severe in nature? Acute
What type of infection runs a slow course over a long period of time; may last from weeks to years? Chronic
When cleaning a biohazardous spill what % of bleach solution is poured over the site, allowed to sit, then wiped up with disposable towels? 3 to 10
What technique involves procedures that render and maintain an object or area completely free of pathogens? Aseptic
What is the term for persons who harbor pathogens without being sick themselves and who shed organisms into the environment? Carrier
Refers to a disease capable of being transmitted more or less rapidly to other persons; it is easily transmitted and can also be called contagious Communicable
What is the transmission of microorganisms form person to person or from object to person and vice versa? Contamination
What is the transmission of microorganisms from one source to another? Cross-Contamination
What is the process of removing organisms from articles, rooms and linen after their use to make them safe to handle? Decontamination
What is the separation of the layers of the surgical wound? Dehiscence
What is the protrusion of an organ from a surgical wound? Evisceration
What is the name for the very small masses of liquid that are carried in a spray from the nose or mouth which evaporate before settling and remain suspended in the air? Droplet Nuclei
What is the division of medical science concerned with defining and explaining the interrelationships of the host, agent, and environment in causing disease? Epidemiology
What are the three types of diseases that can be caused throughout the world? Endemic Epidemic Pandemic
What is the name of the diseases that are constantly present in the region, community, or population but only involve few numbers of people? Endemic
Chicken pox is an example of what type of disease? Endemic
What is the name of the diseases that occur with greater-than-normal incidence of reported cases and affects a large population of people? Epidemic
Measles, The flu, and the plague are examples of what type of disease? Epidemic
What is the name of a disease that occurs worldwide and affects a large number of the population? Pandemic
Aids is an example of what kind of disease? Pandemic
What type of source is an intermediate, inanimate source in the process of disease transmission? Fomite
What is the name of the organism that harbors or nourishes another organism? Host
What is the name for the period between the entrance of organisms into the body and the onset of the symptoms? Incubation
What is the name for the transmission of microorganisms by an intermediate nonliving source? Indirect
What is the name for the destruction of bacteria through good cleaning processes or possibly by boiling in water? Sanitization
What is a disease condition denoting the presence of pathogenic bacteria and pus? Sepsis
What is the name for microorganisms that do not normally invade tissue but are capable of causing infection or disease when introduced or given the opportunity? Opportunistic
What type of disease is acquired as a result of sexual intercourse with an infected individual? STD
What term means not sterile, but as clean as possible? Surgically Clean
What is process of sterilizing articles after they have been used and before putting them into circulation again? Terminal sterilization
What is the name for the set of guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to prevent the transmission of blood-borne pathogens? Standard Precautions or Universal Precautions
What type of transmission source can be an animal, especially an insect, that transmits pathogens from one infected person to a non-infected person? Vector
What is the number one defense against the infection of microbes? Intact Skin
The skin, Respiratory tract, Alimentary tract, Genitourinary tract , Placenta, and the circulatory system are all examples of human portals of _______. Entry
What is the pathway by which microorganism leave the body? Human Portals of Exit
The blood, fecal matter, urine, sputum, saliva, tears , semen and vaginal secretions are examples of human portals of __________. Exit
What is the transmission of a contagious disease by a healthy person coming in contact with a person who is a carrier of or has the disease? Direct Contact
What is the transmission of a contagious disease that denotes the spread of the disease by some medium other than directly toughing an infected person? Indirect Contact
Organisms are more _________ if they produce hemolysins, coagulase, enzymes, endotoxins, or exotoxins. Virulent
The longer you are in contact with the microorganism, the more likely you are to acquiring the infection. This is the _____________. Duration of Exposure
What determines whether or not infection will take place and the severity of the disease? Resistance
What is another term for poor circulation? ischemia
What are the different types of infections? Primary Secondary Latent Mixed
The first or original infection is called what? Primary
The infection that follows or complicated the original disease is called what? Secondary
Which type of infection is inactive or hidden? Latent
What type of infection is caused by more than one organism? Mixed
Who developed the standard precautions; that all biohazardous and potentially biohazardous materials must be treated as though they are infectious? OSHA
Why do most surgical infections occur during a procedure? contamination
What are the most common sites for nosocomial infections? Genitourinary Surgical Wounds Respiratory tract Venous access points
What type of agent weakens the patients ability to fight off diseases? Immunosuppressive
The sources of surgical site infections are divided into what two groups? Environmental Endogenous
What type of infection is classified according to their risk of contamination and infection? Surgical Site
What class is considered clean and has a 1-5% risk of infection? Class 1
What class is considered clean contaminated and has a 3-7% risk of infection; also entered under controlled circumstances? Class 2
What class is considered contaminated and has a 10-17% risk of infection; there was a major break in aseptic technique? Class 3
What class is considered Dirty/Infected and has a >27% risk of infection. Could be your old traumatic wounds, existing infection and pus formation. and example would be a compound fracture Class 4
What is the name for a chemical compound that inhibits the growth of bacteria? Antiseptic
Created by: lmlayton