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biochemistry vocab

TermDefinition
organic compound any of a large class of chemical compound
inorganic compound any compound that is not organic compound
carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues
proteins ny of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids
lipids any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids
enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst
amino acids a simple organic compound containing both a carboxyl
simple sugars made up of single sugar molecules.
disaccharide any of a class of sugars whose molecules contain two monosaccharide residues.
ribonucleic acid RNA
deoxyribonucleic DNA
polysaccharide a carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.
glycogen a substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates.
peptide a compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a chain,
catalyst a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change.
denature take away or alter the natural qualities of.
hydrolisis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
dehydration synthesis to put together while losing water.
substrates a substance or layer that underlies something
nucleotides a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group
fatty acids and glycerol building blocks
dipeptide a peptide composed of two amino-acid residues
coenzyme a nonprotein compound that is necessary for the functioning of an enzyme.
macromolecules. a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a protein, nucleic acid
Created by: irvin portillo