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Digestive Sys Terms

A&P CH15 Digestion and Nutrition Clinical Terms

achalasia failure of the smooth muscle to relax at some junction in the digestive tube, such as between the esophagus and stomach
achlorhydria lack of hydrochloric acid in gastric secretions
anorexia nervosa self starvation
aphagia inability to swallow
cachexia state of chronic malnutrition and physical wasting
celiac disease inability to digest or use fats and carbohydrates
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
choleolithiasis stones in the gallbladder
cholestasis blockage in bile flow from the gallbladder
cirrhosis liver condition in which the hepatic cells degenerate and the surrounding connective tissues thicken
diverticulitis inflammation of small pouches (diverticula) that form in the lining and wall of the colon
dumping syndrome symptoms, including diarrhea, that often occur following a gastrectomy
dysentery intestinal infection by viruses, bacteria, or protozoans that cause diarrhea and cramps
dyspepsia indigestion, difficulty in digesting a meal
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
enteritis inflammation of the intestine
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastrectomy partial or complete removal of the stomach
gastrostomy creation of an opening in the stomach wall through which food and liquids can be administered when swallowing is not possible
glossitis inflammation of the tongue
hyperalimentation long-term intravenous nutrition
ileitis inflammation of the ileum
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
polyphagia overeating
pyloric stenosis congenital obstruction of the pyloric sphincter due to an enlarged pyloric muscle
pylorospasm spasm of the pyloric portion of the stomach or of the pyloric sphincter
pyorrhea inflammation of the ental periosteum with pus formation
stomatitis inflammation of the lining of the mouth